Access to the Basilica of Maxentius (also known as the The Basilica Nova), which stands outside the existing historical zone of the Roman Forum, is from the Via dei Fori Imperiali. The structure was started in A.D. 308 by Maxentius and completed by Constantine, who customized the internal design, moving the entryway from the east to the south side, on the Via Sacra.
The structure bases on a platform which remains in part a base and which is superimposed on stockrooms of substantial size, inhabiting a location of 100 by 65 meters. The initial entryway, which Constantine likewise kept, opened into a narrow extended atrium from which 3 openings led into the big main location, oriented east- west, 80 meters long, 25 meters large and 35 meters high, covered by 3 cross vaults supported by 8 columns in proconnesian marble, 14.50 meters high, set against piers (none which are still in situ). At the back, right throughout from Maxentius’ entryway, there was a semicircular apse which included a massive acrolithic statue of Constantine (with the exposed parts of the body in marble and the rest most likely in gilded bronze), the head which, 2.60 meters high, and a foot, 2 meters long, were discovered in 1487.
The aisles on either side of the nave were divided into 3 interacting bays with transversal coffered and stuccoed barrel vaults. Constantine’s brand-new project moved the axis of the basilica from east-west to north-south, preserving the tripartite division, with an entryway on the south side with 4 high porphyry columns and a flight of steps which led from the Via Sacra to the flooring of the structure which was partially enclosed in the Velian hill. Throughout from this entryway a brand-new semi-circular apse w’as set into the wall at the center of the north aisle, preceded by 2 columns and with specific niches for statues framed by little columns on corbels.
The nave was lit up by a series of big windows in the clerestory while the side aisles had 2 tiers of arched windows.
The ground plan and measurements of the structure w’ere influenced by the enforcing halls of the royal baths, which were likewise called ” basilicas “.
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