The Column of Phocas is the last classical memory of the Roman Forum. It bases on a stepped brick base and is embeded in front of the Rostra.
The marble Corinthian column is 13 meters high and was certainly drawn from an older monument. The dedicatory engraving notifies us that Smaragdo the esarch of Italy in A.D. 608 set a statue in gilded bronze of the Emperor Phocas on the top, and sings his appreciation. In fact Phocas was popular for his ruthlessness.
He got the throne by assassinating his predecessor Mauricius and his children. Nevertheless he got specific benefit in Rome due to the fact that in he provided Pope Boniface IV with the Pantheon which was changed into a church the list below year.