Column of Phocas - Colosseum Rome Tickets
Ancient Rome Roman Forum

Column of Phocas

Column of Phocas

The Column of Phocas is the last classical memory of the Roman Forum. It bases on a stepped brick base and is embeded in front of the Rostra. It was erected in the year 608 to honour the Byzantine Emperor Phocas and thank him for ceding the Pantheon to Pope Boniface IV for conversion into a church.

Phocas was a 7th-century emperor of Byzantium (ruled from 602 to 610), the Eastern Empire, which then ruled over the city of Rome from its capital, Constantinople (modern-day called Istanbul). In fact Phocas was popular for his ruthlessness. To begin with he acquired the throne by assassinating his predecessor Mauricius and his children. However he gained particular merit in Rome because in A.D. 608 he presented Pope Boniface IV with the Pantheon which was transformed into a church the following year.

The marble Corinthian column is 13.5 meters high and was certainly drawn from an older monument.

Rome, The Column of Phocas and the Arch of Septimius Severus in the Roman Forum, Rome, Italy; color photochrom ca 1890s.

Rome, The Column of Phocas and the Arch of Septimius Severus in the Roman Forum, Rome, Italy; color photochrom ca 1890s.

Column of Byzantine Emperor Phocas

Ancient Column of Byzantine Emperor Phocas with baroque church and triumphal arch in the center of Roman Forum

The dedicatory engraving (on the north side) notifies us that Smaragdo the esarch of Italy in A.D. 608 set a statue in gilded bronze of the Emperor Phocas on the top, and sings his appreciation: “To our greatest, most thoughtful, most pious lord Phocas, superior leader in perpetuity, crowned by God, victorious, emperor for ever before. Smaragdus, formerly praepositor at the Palatium, patrician and also exarch of Italy, dedicated to his Elegance due to the countless benefactions of his holiness, the tranquility gave Italy and freedom preserved, placed this shining statuary of his Grandeur on top of this sublime pillar to his seasonal magnificence, on 1 August A.D. 608.”

Tickets & Tours for your Rome Travel: 

Skip the Line Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill Package.jpg

from €20.23 EUR
 Organized by: Getyourguide
14.348 Reviews

Skip the Line Colosseum with Arena Floor +Professional Guided Tour (46).JPG

from  €28.00 EUR
Duration: 1.5 Hours
 Seller: Tiqets
309 Reviews

Best of Rome Pass Vatican, Colosseum and St Peter Basilica Pass Ticket (7).jpg

from €79.00 EUR
Validity: 3 Days
832 Reviews

Skip the Line Tour Colosseum, Roman Forum and Palatine Hill (20).jpg

from €45.90 EUR
Duration: 3 Hours
 Organized by: City Wonders
7.726 Reviews

Ancient Rome Tour Colosseum Underground, Arena Floor & Roman Forum (14).jpg

from €74.40 EUR
Duration: 3 Hours 15 Min.
 Organized by: Touriks
1.339 Reviews

Nero's Golden House Underground and Colosseum Tour (2).jpg

from €79.20 EUR
Duration: 5 Hours
 Organized by: Roma Experience Tours
36 Reviews

Small Group Colosseum and Roman Forum Guided Tour - Colosseum and the Arch of Constantine in Rome, Italy-21.jpg

from €38.00 EUR
Duration: 3-3.5 Hours
 Organized by: Journeys to Italy
77 Reviews

Roma Pass 48 Hours & 72 Hours (1).jpg

from €28.00 EUR
Validity: 2 or 3 Days
 Seller: Tiqets
521 Reviews