Ancient Rome Imperial Forums

Forum of Caesar

Forum of Caesar

The Forum of Caesar was built with the spoils of his Gallic wars. On the 9th of August 48 B. C., the decisive battle was fought between the formidable armies of Pompey and Caesar. The Julian Family boasted its origin from Julius, commonly called Ascanius, son of Aeneas, bom of Anchises and Venus.

On the morning of the Battle of Pharsalus, Caesar made a vow to build a temple to his goddess ancestor. Pompey was defeated completely and Caesar built the new Forum (between the old one and the Quirinal), in the centre of which rose the Temple to Venus Genetrix.

Reconstruction Model of Forum of Caesar

Reconstruction Model of Forum of Caesar – Caesar had to spend enormous sums of money (sixty million sestercians according to Cicero, one hundred million according to Svetonius) simply in acquiring the land and in expropriating the private buildings that occupied the area.

Rome. Panorama of the remains of the Forum of Caesar from the Campidoglio.

Rome. Panorama of the remains of the Forum of Caesar from the Campidoglio.

The Forum of Caesar, also known as Forum Iulium or Forum Julium.

The Forum of Caesar, also known as Forum Iulium or Forum Julium.

Ruins of Caesar's Forum

For centuries this temple remained a splendid monument, worthy of the fame and magnificence of the first Caesar. Among the numerous works of art placed in it, was the statue of Venus Genetrix, by Archesilaus, one of the most celebrated Greek sculptors, and one of Cleopatra. The temple was rebuilt by Trajan and inaugurated with the Trajan Column on the 12th of May of the year 113.

Bronze statue of emperor Caesar, Imperial Forums, Rome.

Bronze statue of emperor Caesar, Imperial Forums, Rome.

Bronze statue of emperor Caesar, Imperial Forums, Rome

Bronze statue of emperor Caesar, Imperial Forums, Rome -2

The excavations of the past years have revealed traces of the Forum and of the Temple of Venus Genetrix. For the occasion, the statue of Julius Caesar, copied in bronze from the one in the Capitol, was placed on a pedestal in the excavated ruins of the Forum. The Perpetual Dictator towers here in the glory of Rome. After almost 2000 years Caesar is still a popular hero.

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