Meta Sudans is a marble-faced fountain and erected by Domitian(between ad 89 and 96 A.D.) in front of the Via Sacra. It was the largest monumental fountain in the ancient city.
Meta Sudans was restored by Constantine the Great and took its name from its resemblance to the pillar (meta) that marked the turning point in the circus, hence its name, and sudans for the water that gushed out of it.
Meta Sudans Photo Gallery:
Two recoloured photographs from about 1890, the first one, and from 1900, the second one.-2
Two recoloured photographs from about 1890, the first one, and from 1900, the second one.-1
Reconstruction of Meta Sudans (the second, a copper engraving of 1699, by Pietro Santi Bartoli)-2
Reconstruction of Meta Sudans (the second, a copper engraving of 1699, by Pietro Santi Bartoli)
P. Monami, The Meta Sudans, 1849
Meta Sudans. Lafrery, Speculum Romanae, 1593
Meta Sudans. Du Perac (16th c.)
Meta Sudans in 1865
Meta Sudans illustration by Lafrery (1593)
Meta Sudans from the late 1920s and early 1930s-3
Meta Sudans from the late 1920s and early 1930s-2
Meta Sudans from the late 1920s and early 1930s
Meta Sudans about 1900 and 1910
ARCHEOLOGIA IN POSA – Dal Colosseo a Cecilia Metella nell’antica
Celebratory medallion of Gordian 3rd (3rd century AD) depicting the Meta Sudans in front of the Colossus of Nero
1850 view of the Meta Sudans and the Arch of Constantine
(Gargiolli, 1898) Colosseo, Meta Sudans e Arco di Costantino
Arch of Constantine and Meta Sudans, with a view of San Gregorio. 1845.
The ancient sources record that the house that was the birthplace of Augustus stood in this part of the valley: the conical shape, so original for a fountain, has therefore been explained by scholars as an allusion to the betyl, the aniconic symbol of Apollo, the god whom Augustus recognised as his patron. It was located at the point where four or five Augustan regions — the II, III, IV, and X, and perhaps the I – and as many major streets converged.
The Meta Sudans in a period photograph, before the demolitions ordered by Mussolini for reasons relating to traffic. As the Governor of Rome Boncompagni Ludovisi wrote in September 1933:«… the conservation of the two of the base of Nero’s Colossus and the Meta Sudans…is undoubtedly a very serious obstacle… obliging the cars… to turn in a tight circle…»
Arch of Constantine and Meta Sudans, 18 th century Italian drawing. Meta Sudans detail.
The fountain consisted of a cone (17 meters tall, with a diameter of 7 meters) and a large circular tub with a diameter of 16 meters. Its original appearance can be reconstructed from coins ofthe period, which portray the niches of the base and the floral element on the tip of the cone.
A photograph documenting the tourist gathering outside of the remains of the Meta Sudans fountain complex adjacent to the Arch of constantine and the Colosseum in Rome
The circular remains of Meta Sudans, a great Roman fountain can be seen by the Arch of Constantine. In 1936, Mussolini ordered it’s demolition and all that can be seen is this circle in the grass
Imaginary reconstruction of the Colosseum, of the Meta Sudans of the Colossal bronze Statue of Nero.
What remained of the monument, which is still clearly visible in photographs from the beginning of the century, was demolished, together with the nearby base of the Colossus, when Via dei Trionfi and Via dell ‘Impero were built in 1933.
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